Guide to Healthy Living in Older Adults

Healthy living is defined as a practice of improving, supporting, and/or maintaining health through health enhancing behaviors. It is achieved through healthy choices based on individual’s physical, mental, and spiritual capacity. It is crucial for preventing chronic diseases, including metabolic disorders, cancer, and heart disease, especially in older adults.


Challenges in old age

With increase in age, people experience decreased functional capacity, frailty, and dependency on their families and caregivers. Unhealthy practices further aggravate functional decline in older adults. Incorporating positive health behaviors in the elderly adults improve functioning and reduces the risk of mortality. Evidence suggests that exercise interventions, diet, and/or positive social interactions tailored to individuals’ needs improve their stamina, strength, mobility, health, and quality of life.

Strategies for healthy living in the elderly people

A tailored person-centered approach to improving the health of the elderly can be achieved through different strategies, with a focus on diet, supplements, exercise, sleep, and healthy practices incorporated into their daily routines. First, stimulating older adults by asking them to perform tasks aimed at improving brain and mental processes. Second, the elderly people are made to think about their mental states and reflect on their own and their peer’sbehavior. Third, improving their skills through communication. Fourth, engaging them in activities that are of their interest and help them in a wide set of mental functions. Fifth, improved interaction with healthcare professionals and helping them navigate through healthcare resources. Sixth, helping them to adapt them to challenges of health in old age. Finally, guiding them through the type of diet, exercise, and other activities for their improved health. Each of these approaches has its own pros and cons, and thus a holistic intervention can consider different features of each approach for improving mental, physical, and social well-being. A guide to components of healthy practice can be reviewed at The guide provides an overview of type of diet, physical activity, and other positive behaviors.